Is Your Roofing Solution in Shingles or Tabs?

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BP & GAF Architectural shingle side-by-side

Roofing Materials Today

Manufacturers make modern roofing from laminated compounds with color added. There are two basic types, which are essentially either a single-layer or a double-layer roofing tile. The double-layer roof tile is the architectural or dimensional type. The single layer is the three-tab version.

The architectural type is costlier but more appealing to the eye, and it can add value to your home. The single-layer type or three-tab tile is a basic roof cover. It has a flat appearance, and the tiles are consistent in size and shape.

Construction of Asphalt Roofing

Damaged three tab shingle roof
3 tab shingles installed on a roof showing damage

The inner core of each tile is a piece of fiberglass. The fiberglass is water-resistant and provides some insulation. The maker then sandwiches the sheet of fiberglass between two weatherizing layers. Next, the top layer receives a covering of mineral granules, which add texture and color.

The architectural type of roof tile is a double of the four composite layers. The lower edge of the architectural tile has a raised laminated ridge. This raised section adds to the appearance of depth.

The double-layer composite tile is a popular roof cover. Manufacturers call it architectural or dimensional roofing. You can distinguish the architectural type from a three-tab or single-layer tile by its size, weight, durability, and appearance.

Asphalt Composition

Asphalt is the base material for architectural or double roofing and the 3-tab types. In the early 1980s, technical advances in lamination and materials created the architectural type. From that time to the present, architectural types have replaced tabs as the preferred material for roofing installations. Today, the traditional three-tab type of roofing is the low-cost option and the required material to repair roofs that already have tab shingles. 

When estimating the number of shingles needed to cover a roof area, Roofr uses technologically advanced methods to obtain precise measurements. Roofr will utilize satellite imagery to determine the exact roof dimensions and to estimate the bundles needed to complete the work on your home. 

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Architectural shingles have depth and dimension

Advantages of Architectural Roof Covers 

The double-layer roofing tiles have a noticeable multidimensional surface. The tiles stand out for their contours and depth. You can get them in shapes and colors that resemble high-end materials, like baked tiles, cedar shakes, and slate tiles. The advantages of double-layer tiles include: 

  • Durability: Double-layer roofing lasts longer and maintains its appearance better than single-layer materials. While the costs of acquisition may be higher for double-layer roofing, the longer life and added value for your home can pay for the added investment.
  • Appearance: The double-thick roof types have the appearance of depth. They add value to homes because of their popularity and eye-catching results.
  • Wind resistance: The thick tiles do not resist the wind better than the thin tiles until they seal. Single-layer tiles traditionally have ratings of up to 80 miles per hour. The manufacturer's warranty requires a 6-nail installation pattern for a high-wind damage rating of up to 130 miles per hour.
  • Warranty: Manufacturers typically provide warranty coverage in the range of 40 to 50 years. The latest warranty trends also include a lifetime coverage for as long as you own your home.

Begin the Roofr process and discover the solutions we have for your roofing needs and style preferences.

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Why Slope Matters in Roofing

Roof Slope and Project Estimates

Roof slope is one of the biggest factors that professionals consider when calculating a price for a roofing job. A steep roof may present a number of challenges. Generally, the steepness of a roof relates to how much risk is involved with the project, especially if it is on a tall building. Working on a roof with a steeper angle may also require bringing in more equipment and taking longer to deal with issues. All of this is factored into your roofing estimate.

The Ratios

The pitch of a roof is commonly expressed as a ratio or fraction. The rise is stated in inches of height per 12 inches of length. For example, a 4/12 grade on a roof means the surface rises 4 inches for every 12 inches of length.

This can lead to some misleading math. While 12/12 as a fraction sounds tame, it actually means that a roof rises very aggressively for every foot of distance. Conversely, a 1/12 grade is actually rather flat.

Conversion table:

Roof Pitch Angle Roof Pitch Multiplier
1/12 4.76° 1.0035
2/12 9.46° 1.0138
3/12 14.04° 1.0308
4/12 18.43° 1.0541
5/12 22.62° 1.0833
6/12 26.57° 1.1180
7/12 30.26° 1.1577
8/12 33.69° 1.2019
9/12 36.37° 1.2500
10/12 39.81° 1.3017
11/12 42.51° 1.3566
12/12 45.00° 1.4142

Calculating Pitch

One of the easiest and safest ways to calculate roof pitch is from inside your attic using a level, tape measure, and pencil. First, measure 12 inches on your level and make a mark. Then, hold the level flat against the bottom of a rafter while making sure the level bubble is centered between the two lines.

The final step is to measure vertically from the 12-inch mark on the level to the underside of the rafter above it. The distance from the level to the rafter shows you how much your roof rises for every 12 inches of length. This is a good rough figure that you’ll be able to pass along to a contractor.

At Roofr, we help customers connect with contractors quickly. Knowing the angle of a roof will enable you to provide better information as you receive multiple estimates through our system. Contact us today to start the Roofr process.

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A Valley on My Roof? - Roofing Language Explained: Valleys

Shingle roof with woven valley
Valley without metal flashing.

Valleys and Flashing explained in simple terms.

It may sound odd to learn that you have a valley on your roof. The place where two roof surfaces intersect is called a valley. This is one of the most common areas for a roof to leak. Non-permeable materials such as metal sheets or roof rolls are placed over these joins to seal out moisture. 

Weathered shingles and valley with flashing
Asphalt shingles and metal flashing on a damaged Canadian roof. 

Definition of a Roof Valley

The greatest portion of a roof is a flat expanse that is covered with a non-permeable material, such as asphalt shingles, metal tiles or slate tiles, to protect the roof structure and the interior of the building. When two roof surfaces meet, a valley is created. The valley creates a channel that allows moisture to run off the roof.

Importance of Flashing in Valleys

Valley with metal flashing to protect from rain damage
Water flows onto and down the metal flashing in the valley.

If your roofer says to put flashing in the valleys, the contractor is concerned that moisture may penetrate between joins. Flashing is placed in a valley to create an impermeable seal. Valleys often deteriorate more quickly than other portions of a roof, particularly if leaves and debris build up in the channel. If valleys become clogged, water will not run off. As debris accumulates, the flashing weakens and corrodes.

If your roof leaks, a roofing expert can inspect the roof surface and valleys to find the source. Roofr works with vetted roofing contractors who are licensed to work in your area. Each independent contractor provides a guarantee for labor and a warranty for materials. Roofr makes sure you're satisfied with the quality of work. Our goal is to hear you say, "My roofer did an excellent job. My roof looks great, the valleys are well-sealed and there are no problems."

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Why Get a Roof Inspection or Consultation?

You might find yourself looking for a roof inspection or consultation. It is usually because there is a new problem appearing on your ceiling.

Finding the cause of the problem

Whether it’s a leak or missing shingles, a consultation will be necessary so that you know how much you will need to spend for your repair, as well as how long it will take to fix. But you don’t need to wait until you have a major roofing emergency; what a lot of people don’t realize is how much a bi-yearly roof inspection can help save you money, and potentially prevent major roofing emergencies. 

Preventative roof inspections

Just because there might not be an immediate or noticeable issue, doesn’t mean your roof is in perfect condition. By getting a regular inspection, you’ll be able to catch problems early on, which could save you possible thousands in the future. Often times, minor repairs don’t cost a lot and can really help with the longevity of your roof.

If you are looking to buy or sell a home, you should seriously consider a roof inspection or roofing consultation. It’s common for a roof inspection to be on the list of required inspections when selling a home, mostly because agents don’t want their new homeowners blindly walking into a house with huge repairs hanging over them. If you are looking into purchasing a home, and you see that they have not had the roof inspected, its advised that you ask for a consultation before you purchase the home. If you sign off on a house that is sitting at the higher end of your budget, and find out later on that you need to pay for the entire replacement of a roof, its going to quickly become a shocking and disappointing experience.

Finding the right roofer for your project

Consultations are a super important part of finding the perfect contractor for you. Without a consultation or some kind of initial meeting, you might as well be going into your homeowner/contractor relationship blind. Its important to find out if the contractor is a licensed professional, and to find out how much experience they have, especially if you have a very specific problem with your roof. You want to make sure that the person you hire can get the job done safely, professionally and in a timely manner.

And that’s where Roofr comes in; we simplify that process for you.

Roofr guarantees professional contractors, free estimates, amazing savings and a full warranty on all of our roofing systems. We’ve got all of this, and your home covered.

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How to get a roofing quote for your asphalt shingle house

When it comes to roofing projects, there are a lot of possible mark ups, be it supplies, hour premiums or just higher rates for contractors. There are a lot of factors that can go into you getting the overall price for your repair or replacement. If you had the chance to simplify this tedious task would you? Our simple solution for you is to use our free roofing estimate tool

It's tough to find a reputable roofer

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Quotes and estimates can be one of the most confusing parts of the roof repair process. Whether it’s a number that just can’t manage to stop fluctuating, or a contractor that keeps finding extra costs to tack on last minute, it can be a bit nerve wracking when it comes to picking which quote to settle on. This process alone can take weeks.

With the Roofr estimate tool, it only takes seconds to use, and it will give you a free estimate instantly. We will then contact you within 24 hours to create an appointment for one of our professional contractors to come to you for your onsite analysis. This analysis is to provide the contractor with all the information about your specific roofing project, and the overall condition of your roof.

We connect homeowners to vetted roofers to bid on roofing projects

Once our professional has gone over all of your roofing needs with you, we will provide you with a firm quote. No hidden fees, no surprise mark ups, just your quote, plain and simple.

If you decide the price is right for you, then we will move forward with your roofing project. With the work done and your complete satisfaction with the results, you pay your contractor, and the job is done.  

Putting a roof over your head shouldn’t be such a stressful task, so let us simplify it for you. 

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Why should you have your gutters checked - Eavestrough Inspection

An overflowing eavestrough can cause all kinds of damage to you home. From discoloured siding, or rotted fascia boards, to cracked pavement or flooded basements, the problems are serious.

The water flowing down your house can cause severe foundation problems over time and erode, destroy or waterlog your landscaping.

We understand why you might be putting off cleaning out your eaves troughs, it can be quite the task, not to mention it can be dangerous if you don’t know what you’re doing. Let us save you the trouble; we’ll do it for you!

Eavestrough Services

Stagnant water can breed and attract pests

Trapped and stagnant water in your eaves troughs not only can cause damage to your home, but it also creates the perfect breeding area for mosquitos. 3 of the 4 stages of a mosquito’s pesky life is spent in water, and by leaving your eaves troughs blocked, you are allowing these annoying, disease carrying insects to multiply on your property.

Along with mosquitos, stagnant water in eavestroughs can attract other pests including birds, rodents and bees. Let us clean that up for you before things get out of hand.

It's tough to see these issues without a proper eavestrough inspection - Learn More.

Ice damming and freezing water

You might think that ice damming is caused by issues with your eave troughs, but really the root cause of most ice damming is heat escaping from your attic. The heat coming from your home will escape and melt the snow on your roof, causing it to run along the roof and into the eavestroughs.

Icicles as a result of ice damming in clogged eaves

This water running into clogged gutters cause damage to both your roof and your eaves troughs, as well as cause some dangerous falling icicle problems. The damming can force the water back up into the roof, which can cause severe rotting. Clean gutters, and proper application of Ice & Water will prevent this water damage.

Roof damage is always to be avoided. Eavestrough cleaning helps prevent damage to shingles over winter.

Solar panels and other roofing technology

These days, it is not uncommon to find homes that have solar panels, a lot of which are installed onto roofs for overall efficiency. Having solar panels on your roof means that they are subjected to the same harsh elements that your roof and eaves troughs are, which can cause a build up of dirt and debris that will begin to affect the amount of energy they can bring in.

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Solar panels are expensive and cleaning them can be risky, so you should only trust an experienced professional to clean them for you. Again, that’s where we come in. Let us match you up with a reputable contractor that knows how to handle your solar panels, so that you can keep that electricity flowing at the same rate that you’re used to.

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How to get a roofing estimate for your home

Getting an estimate on a roof repair or a roof replacement used to take a long time, especially when trying to hunt down the best contractors in your area. Roofr does roofing homework for homeowners, providing you with an instant satellite roofing estimate for free.

Use our tools to find your home on a map

To get started with our Instant Online Estimate Tool, you just need to type in your address. In a matter of seconds a birds-eye view of your roof is shown on your screen. Our software works on all devices, even able to provide an instant roofing estimate on your mobile device.

Outline your roof using satellite imagery

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This is where our instant estimation tool can be fun! Trace your roof in the maps view with the cursor by touching on the corners of your house. It's necessary to go clockwise, or counter-clockwise in order to build a proper outline. This important measuring step is going to calculate the square footage for our instant roofing estimate.

The rest of the calculations are made after you select the pitch of your roof. If there is any confusion, you can step outside to look at your roof pitch or pull up a google street view. To submit for your free estimate; fill in your contact information, and then you’re done! You’ll have your estimate in seconds, simple as that.macbook2.jpg

Get multiple roofers to provide free estimates

We offer multiple estimates directly through our dashboard to ensure you are getting the best deal. Roofr can save you up to 20% more by cutting out wasteful middlemen. When it comes to your roof, quality is what matters. If you are investing in a repair this size for your home, you are going to want to make sure the job is done right the first time. No more sifting through contractors to find the right, reliable one for you, we will do that for you too.

Roofr can save you up to 20% more by cutting out wasteful middlemen.

With our list of hand-selected contractors, we will match you up with only the best and most reputable roofers in your area. No more worrying whether or not you picked the right person for the job, our guarantee insures that you are only getting the best contractor for the best rate possible. 

What are you waiting for?

Do you have 26 seconds to spare?

Get your 100% free roofing estimate today with our Roofr Estimate Tool!

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The Importance of Proper Roof Ventilation

2 min read

A properly ventilated roof can save you a ton of money in the long run. 

One of the most important components of a great roofing system is ventilation, the longevity of your roof greatly depends on it. A few extra dollars spent on adequate ventilation will save you a ton of money in the long run.

What does Ventilation do and Why is it Important?

Ice damning is a major cause of leaks during winter months. Ice damning occurs when your attic is not properly ventilated. Warm air from your home travels upwards and remains in your attic, melting the snow unevenly, which then freezes again when it reaches your eaves. This ice buildup will not only cause condensation and mould, but will deteriorate the shingles at a rapid rate and rot the roof deck.

During the summer, proper ventilation will allow for continuous outside airflow throughout the attic, keeping the inside of your home cooler, thusly saving you a large amount on your air-conditioning bill.

Things to Remember When Ventilating your Roof!

  • Your intake ventilation (soffits) must not be blocked by any insulation.
  • Vents must always be staggered along the ridge of the roof. Placing vents adjacent to one another will cause cross ventilation (air entering one vent and leaving directly out another).
  • Only one style of vent can be used in the same attic space. The use of different vents types will cause an imbalance in air flow and leave portions of the roof unventilated.

Ask your Contractor.

When replacing your roof, be sure to ask your contractor the following questions regarding ventilation:

  • Do I have an adequate amount of exhaust vents in relation to my attic space and intake vents?
  • Is there more than 1 type of exhaust vent being used on the roof?
  • Are my old vents being used?
  • Is there potential for cross ventilation to occur?
  • Are my intake vents (soffits) blocked by any insulation? (This can be checked by looking inside the attic space).
  • Do I have an adequate amount of intake ventilation?

All in all, choosing the right roofing contractor in your area will eliminate any future ventilation risks and save you a ton of money in the long run.

Hope this helps!!

Richard Nelson

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